IVF Facts
March 18, 2024
3 min

The Mystery of Endometriosis: Understanding its Impact on Fertility

March is International Endometriosis Month, a time dedicated to raising awareness about this often misunderstood condition and its profound impact on fertility. Endometriosis is known as a "women's disease.” Here are some facts about the illness and how it affects women’s fertility.

One in 10 women worldwide is affected by endometriosis, yet many of them never realize it. This is because the condition is often not identified as the cause of the symptoms experienced by female individuals. Moreover, diagnosis typically requires surgery.

Endometriosis is a chronic condition in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. This tissue can be implanted in other organs in the pelvic area, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and intestines. Affected individuals often experience extreme pain during their monthly periods and possibly outside this time as well. The effects of this condition on the body also impact female fertility. Due to adhesions, inflammation, and scar tissue, the fallopian tubes may become blocked, and the quality of eggs may be compromised, making fertilization more difficult. People with endometriosis have an increased risk of infertility, making natural conception more challenging.

Thanks to the ongoing advancements in medicine, including those with a more feminist approach, solutions are emerging for individuals affected by endometriosis who desire to conceive. For instance, in-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a viable treatment option. IVF involves fertilizing eggs outside the body and then transferring them into the uterus to facilitate pregnancy. However, IVF treatment for individuals with endometriosis can be complicated due to adhesions and inflammation. Consulting a reproductive medicine specialist is essential to tailoring the perfect treatment plan for those with fertility aspirations. This personalized plan may encompass a combination of medication, surgical intervention, and assisted reproductive techniques like IVF.

Another valuable tip for fertility treatment in individuals with endometriosis is undergoing preconception fertility diagnostics. Here, a specialist conducts a comprehensive assessment of fertility, including tests such as ovarian reserve, tubal patency, and the partner's sperm analysis. This aids in identifying the most suitable treatment options. Additionally, hormonal therapy can help alleviate symptoms and enhance fertility. Adopting a healthy diet and regular exercise regimen can also contribute to improved fertility, especially during IVF therapy.